State Statutes


MLM Law: Connecticut business definitions

General Statutes of Connecticut, Revised to 1997

Title-42 - Business, Selling, Trading and Collection Practices

Sec. 42-144. Definitions.

Sec. 42-145. Contingent consideration void.



Sec. 42-144. Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

  (a) "Advertisement" includes the attempt by publication, dissemination, solicitation or circulation, written or oral, to induce directly or indirectly, any person to enter into any obligation or acquire any title or interest in any merchandise;

  (b) "Merchandise" includes any objects, wares, goods, commodities, intangibles, securities, bonds, debentures, stocks, real estate or services;

  (c) "Services" includes any supply of accommodations, work, repair or other needs, instruction or education, including any type of training course in any field such as personality improvement, self motivation, salesmanship and similar fields;

  (d) "Rights or privileges" includes the right or privilege to market, distribute, wholesale or retail, merchandise or services or to procure others to do so;

  (e) "Procure" includes obtaining, providing, inducing, suggesting, soliciting, recruiting, training, supervising, advancing in position, or aiding or abetting any of the activities specified in this subsection;

  (f) "Person" includes any natural person, or his legal representative, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, whether domestic or foreign, company, trust, business entity or association, and any agent, employee, salesman, partner, officer, director, member, stockholder, associate, trustee or cestui que trust thereof;

  (g) "Sale" includes any sale, offer of sale or attempt to sell any merchandise, services, or rights or privileges for any consideration, or aiding or abetting any of the activities specified in this section;

  (h) "Trade and commerce" means the advertising, offering for sale, sale or distribution of services and property, tangible or intangible, and any other article, commodity or thing of value wherever situate, and shall include any trade or commerce directly or indirectly affecting the people of this state;

  (i) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Consumer Protection.

Sec. 42-145. Contingent consideration void.

The advertisement for sale, lease or rent, or the actual sale, lease or rental of any merchandise, service or rights or privileges at a price or with a rebate or payment or other consideration to the purchaser which is contingent upon the procurement of prospective customers procured by the purchaser, or the procurement of sales, leases or rentals of merchandise, services, rights or privileges, to other persons procured by the purchaser, is declared to be an unlawful practice rendering any obligation incurred by the buyer in connection therewith, completely void and a nullity. The rights and obligations of any contract relating to such contingent price, rebate or payment shall be interdependent and inseverable from the rights and obligations relating to the sale, lease or rental.

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